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Frequently Asked Questions
Kevin Klement, Director of Marketing

World Wide Web (WWW)
System of resources that enable computer users to view and interact with a variety of information, including magazine archives, public- and university-library resources, current world and business news, and software programs. The WWW can be accessed by a computer connected to an internet, an interconnection of computer networks or through the public Internet, the global consortium of interconnected computer networks.

WWW resources are organized to allow users to move easily from one resource to another. Users generally navigate through the WWW using an application known as a WWW browser client. The browser presents formatted text, images, sound, or other objects, such as hyperlinks, in the form of a WWW page on a computer screen. The user can click on a hyperlink with the cursor to navigate to other WWW pages on the same source computer, or server, or on any other WWW server on the network. The WWW links exist across the global Internet to form a large-scale, distributed, multimedia knowledge base that relates words, phrases, images, or other information. Smaller-scale implementations may occur on enterprise internets.

WWW pages are formatted using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), and information is transferred among computers on the WWW using a set of rules known as Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Other features may be added to web pages with special programs, such as Java, a programming language that is independent of a computer's operating system, developed by Sun Microsystems. Java-enabled web browsers use applets that run within the context of HTML-formatted documents. With applets it is possible to add animation and greater interactively to web pages.

The World Wide Web was developed in 1989 by English computer scientist Timothy Berners-Lee to enable information to be shared among internationally dispersed teams of researchers at the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (formerly known by the acronym CERN) near Geneva, Switzerland. It subsequently became a platfo rm for related software development, and the numbers of linked computers and users grew rapidly to support a variety of endeavors, including a large business marketplace. Its further development is guided by the WWW Consortium based at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Internet
Interconnection of computer networks that enables connected machines to communicate directly. The term popularly refers to a particular global interconnection of government, education, and business computer networks that is available to the public. There are also smaller internets, usually for the private use of a single organization, called intranets.

Internet technology is a primitive precursor of the Information Superhighway, a theoretical goal of computer communications to provide schools, libraries, businesses, and homes universal access to quality information that will educate, inform, and entertain. In early 1996, the Internet interconnected more than 25 million computers in over 180 countries and continues to grow at a dramatic rate.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
How Internets Work
Internets are formed by connecting local networks through special computers in each network known as gateways. Gateway interconnections are made through various communication paths, including telephone lines, optical fibers, and radio links. Additional networks can be added by linking to new gateways. Information to be delivered to a remote machine is tagged with the computerized address of that particular machine.

Different types of addressing formats are used by the various services provided by internets (see Internet address). One format is known as dotted decimal, for example: 123.45.67.89. Another format describes the name of the destination computer and other routing information, such as "machine.dept.univ.edu." The suffix at the end of the internet address designates the type of organization that owns the particular computer network, for example, educational institutions (.edu), military locations (.mil), government offices (.gov), and non-profit organizations (.org). Networks outside the United States use suffixes that indicate the country, for example (.ca) for Canada.

Once addressed, the information leaves its home network through a gateway. It is routed from gateway to gateway until it reaches the local network containing the destination machine.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Internet Address
The identifying number that enables any computer on the Internet to find any other computer on the network. It consists of four sets of numbers separated by periods-for example, 123.456.78.90. The Internet address, also called the IP address, is translated into a word-based address-for example, president.whitehouse.gov-by the domain name system server.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
History of the Internet
The Internet and Transmission Control Protocols were initially developed in 1973 by American computer scientist Vinton Cerf as part of a project sponsored by the United States Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) and directed by American engineer Robert Kahn. The Internet began as a computer network of ARPA (ARPAnet) that linked computer networks at several universities and research laboratories in the United States. The World Wide Web was developed in 1989 by English computer scientist Timothy Berners-Lee for the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
The Internet Protocol
The Internet Protocol is the basic software used to control an internet. This protocol specifies how gateway machines route information from the sending computer to the recipient computer. Another protocol, Transmission Control Protocol, checks whether the information has arrived at the destination computer and, if not, causes the information to be resent.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator)
Method of naming documents or places on the Internet, used most frequently on the World Wide Web (WWW). A URL is a string of characters that identifies the type of document, the computer the document is on, the directories and subdirectories the document is in, and the name of the document.

For example, the URL of the main Web page (a document on the WWW) for the White House is http://WWW2.whitehouse.gov/WH/Welcome.html. The part of the URL before the colon represents the scheme, or format used to retrieve the document; http means the document is on the WWW. If, instead of http, that part of the URL was ftp, it would mean that that document could be accessed through File Transfer Protocol (FTP), a format that allows a user to list files on, retrieve files from, and add files to another computer on the Internet. Some other schemes are gopher, which indicates the document is on a Gopher system, a menu-driven document delivery system for retrieving information from the Internet; news, which means the document occurs on a Usenet newsgroup, a forum in which users can post and respond to messages; and telnet, which indicates Telnet, an access method in which the user logs on to a remote computer.

The next part of the URL, WWW2.whitehouse.gov, is called the hostname and represents the computer on which the document can be found: WWW2 is the name of a specific computer at the whitehouse.gov host computer. The .gov extension identifies the computer as belonging to the United States government. Some other common extensions are .com (commercial) and .edu (education -usually a college or university).

After the computer and host names come the path, or chain of directories, on which the document is found; in this case, the only directory is WH. The last item to be listed is the document name- in this case, Welcome.html.

URLs are case-sensitive, which means that uppercase and lowercase letters are considered different letters, so a user has to enter a URL with all letters in the correct case. URLs on the WWW are accessed with browsers, or computer programs that can connect to the Internet and display Web pages.
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Your Domain Name.
A domain Name is a name assigned to you, or your Business. NJIComputer.com is a Domain Name, registered for NJI Computers. It represents the entire Computer network of NJI Computers. Each Computer in this network will have a name too. Computer used in accounting department is called Accounting, and the one in Sales Department is Called Sales. People inside NJI Computers can exchange information or send messages to each other using the Computer name. For example I may send a message to Joe@sales. (@ Is pronounced as at). But People from outside the NJI Computers will send him message using Joe@njicomputer.com. It all depends on how the e-mail in NJI Computers is setup.

Using the actual Business Name is a good practice but not all businesses have chance to register their actual name as domain. Usually such names are being reserved or used by other Companies with the same name in other cities or states. Each Domain name should be unique in the world. So if somebody elsewhere registers your name as a Domain, you are out of luck. Then you have to settle with a similar name that may not be so convenient.

Every month about 25, 000,000-search requests are being submitted to Internic registration services. These are all searching for acceptable names as their Domain name and every day it is becoming more difficult to find one. Some companies like Side.net offer free search services to find you a good available Internet Domain name, if you have not reserved your name yet, you may call (973) 777 3113 and ask for: "side.net Domain Name registration services" and let them do the search for you.
By: Mohammad Hamzeh
Web Site
A Computer connected to the World Wide Web (WWW) that publishes documents (called Web pages) on the WWW. Web pages can include text, graphics, sound, and other multimedia elements and typically include automatic links, or connections, to other Web pages. A Web site runs a program called a Web server that allows it to process requests for information, such as a request for a document. Tens of thousands of Web sites exist; each has a unique address (see URL).
Microsoft(R) Encarta(R) 97 Encyclopedia. (c) 1993-1996 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
What is an Internet Presence Provider?
Among Internet users, the terms Internet Service Provider (ISP) and Internet Presence Provider (IPP) are often used interchangeably. Most users think they offer the same services. However, the two are very different. 

What is an Internet Presence Provider?

IPPs host a company's or individual's Web site on their servers and post the site to the Internet. IPP services provide not only the storage and access needed for a Web site or a home page on a Web server, but they can also supply the tools and expertise to build and attract customers and visitors. IPPs distinguish themselves by their ability to provide dedicated bandwidth to keep Web sites accessible. In contrast, ISPs tend to offer more dial-up-oriented services designed to place customers on the Internet and provide the bandwidth to maintain thousands of Internet users online simultaneously.

Because the IPP's bandwidth is devoted to hosting Web sites, connection to the Net is generally faster and more consistent, with fewer peaks and valleys. It is quite possible that from time to time your ISP will experience down time. By outsourcing your Web site with an IPP, no matter what happens with your dial-up service, your Web site will still be seen by the rest of the world. So for companies and individuals wishing to maximize value and service for their Web site, IPPs hold an advantage over ISPs. 

The Growing Web Hosting Market

The hundreds of organizations currently entering the Web hosting market serve as an indicator of the importance of this relatively new service. Today, approximately 50,000 users currently outsource their Web hosting and International Data Corporation predicts there will be nearly 330,000 users who will opt to outsource their Web hosting needs by the year 2000, generating industry revenues between $3.5 and $4 billion. 

The current and continuing proliferation of Internet-related products and services has created specific differences based on customer needs and price. As Internet presence, or Web hosting becomes a larger business component on the Net, businesses and individuals looking to outsource their Web resources as a way to save money and receive better service turn to companies such as SimpleNet to provide "Web hosting" or "Internet presence providing." 

According to a Forrester Research study entitled "Web Hosting For Hire" two thirds of large businesses outsource the installation, operation and maintenance of their Web sites, while SimpleNet's services focus on the small- to medium-size organizations, this statistic indicates the growing trend of outsourcing Web hosting needs.
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